What are Terpenes?


Throughout your life, you have encountered terpenes without even realizing it. To put it simply, terpenes are responsible for the citrusy scent of oranges, the unique aroma of pine trees, and the calming effects of lavender. These natural chemicals determine the fragrance of various plants and fruits. Recently, scientists have discovered that terpenes also offer a range of health benefits.

Terpenes, also called terpenoids, are a diverse group of organic compounds produced by plants. They are the main components of the essential oils found in many medicinal plants and flowers. Researchers are increasingly interested in exploring their potential therapeutic and medicinal applications.

Today, scientists are studying terpenes and terpenoids for their individual therapeutic effects. These compounds have shown promise in terms of their anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, as well as their ability to enhance mood. They are also being investigated for their potential to enhance the effects of CBD therapy when used alongside it.

Certain terpenes such as myrcene and caryophyllene have been shown to activate the CB2 receptors. What this means is that the body can access a plethora of benefits ranging from calmness, deeper sleep states, gut digestion and immune function, anti-inflammatory properties and the list goes on. 
Please see below for some key terpenes: 


Most commonly found in mangoes, myrcene is also the primary terpene present in cannabis plants. In fact, some plants can contain up to 65 percent of myrcene alone in their terpene profile. Myrcene is known for its sedative properties and its ability to calm the body.


Caryophyllene, with its spicy, woody, and peppery scent, is also found in black pepper and cinnamon. Research suggests that this terpene has the potential to treat anxiety, depression, and inflammation.


Limonene is found in various citrus fruits and is responsible for their citrusy aroma. This terpene possesses powerful antifungal and antibacterial properties. It is also known to alleviate stress, enhance mood, and increase serotonin production.


As its name suggests, pinene is most abundant in pine trees and imparts the characteristic smell of pine needles. Pinene acts as a strong bronchodilator and exhibits significant anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects. It has been used for centuries in herbal medicines and has been proven to enhance focus and cognitive performance.


Linalool, a terpene commonly found in lavender, is renowned for its relaxant effects. It is widely recognized for its stress-relieving, anti-anxiety, and antidepressant properties.